English study shows e-cigarettes have an edge over other cessation products. A large study conducted in England showed that people who use e-cigarettes were more likely to succeed at smoking cessation than with over-the-counter products such as nicotine patches or gum. However, the study — which took interviews from 6,000 smokers who tried to quit on their own — is not conclusive evidence about the health effects of the product. Researchers note that the goal of the study was to find the effectiveness of e-cigarette for smoking cessation. Read the study here: http://tinyurl.com/ox7qrnn.
Thousands of toddlers are being medicated for ADHD. According to a report by the New York Times, more than 10,000 American toddlers are being diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and receiving medication for it. However, the American Academy of Pediatrics does not have guidelines to treat ADHD in children younger than 4. A report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention also showed that children on Medicaid were more likely to receive drugs such as Adderall and Ritalin for ADHD.
Researchers find link between gut bacteria and autism. Researchers at Arizona State University found that children with autism spectrum disorders have a different concentration of certain gut bacteria chemicals, called metabolites, compared to children without autism spectrum disorder. They say metabolite may play a big role in the brain, “working as neurotransmitters or controlling neurotransmitter biosynthesis,” a researcher said in a statement following a presentation at the American Society for Microbiology.